Skip to main content
Version: 5.8

Property Test Seeds

When a property test is executed, the values are generated using a random source that is created from a seed value. By default this seed value is itself randomly chosen (using the default kotlin.random.Random instance). However, there are times when this value needs to be fixed or repeated.

You can change the default used by all tests, unless overriden through the options listed below, by changing the configuration value PropertyTesting.defaultSeed.

Manually specifying the seed

To manually set the seed, pass an instance of PropTestConfig to your prop test methods. You might want to do this if you find a test failure, and you want to ensure that those values continue to be executed in the future as a regression test.

For example:

class PropertyExample : StringSpec({
"String size" {
forAll<String, String>(PropTestConfig(seed = 127305235)) { a, b ->
(a + b).length == a.length + b.length

Whenever a property test fails, Kotest will output the seed that was used. You can duplicate the test, setting it to use this seed so you have permanent regression test for those values.

Rerunning failed seeds

By default, when a property test fails, the seed used by that test is written to a file in ~/.kotest/seeds/<spec>/<testname>. Whenever a property test runs, this seed is detected if the file exists, and used in place of a random seed. Next time the test is successful, the seed file will be removed.


A manually specified seed always takes precedence over a failed seed.


This feature can be disabled by setting PropertyTesting.writeFailedSeed = false

Failing when seeds set

Some users prefer to avoid manually specifying seeds. They want to use them locally only, when developing, but to avoid checking them in. If this is your style, then set PropertyTesting.failOnSeed = false or the env var to false on your server.

Then if a seed is detected, the test suite will fail.